What’s in a name? Bulldog, Bulldoggue, Bulldoggee, English, Olde English? There are a lot of different types of Bulldog breeds, each with their own unique twist on the original powerful workhouse of a dog that originated in the United Kingdom.
This particular breed, the Olde English Bulldogge, was bred by American David Leavitt in the early 1970s. He crossed English bulldogs with Pit Bulls, Bullmastiffs, and American Bulldogs. He bred for ½ English Bulldog and ? each Pit Bull, Bullmastiff and American Bulldog. His goal was to create a healthier Bulldog that harkened back to the Bulldogs of the early 1700-1800s in athleticism and stamina.
As is well known, the original Bulldog was bred to bait or fight bulls for sport in the 1700-1800s in the United Kingdom. Obviously, these were powerful, active dogs who were able to taunt a bull into a rage and then escape death. Thankfully, this cruel “sport” was outlawed and that is what began the change in the English Bulldog.
Leavitt was also determined to “set” a happy, level temperament to make his breed more of a family dog, not the hot-tempered, bull-baiting dog of yore. By using classic cross and line-breeding techniques he quickly set a breed type that bred true for the looks and characteristics he desired. The original name, Olde English Bulldogge, is used by the United Kennel Club which adopted a breed standard as of January 1, 2014.
The picture to the left shows the skull of the Bulldog as it has changed from the original working dog to one with a much shorter foreface. Notice the shorter skull in the 1935 skull in compared to the skull of a Bulldog from the 1700s.
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OLDE ENGLISH BULLDOGGE
View registration requirements. Official UKC Breed Standard
@Copyright 2014, United Kennel Club, Inc.
Effective January 1, 2014
The goals and purposes of this breed standard include: to furnish guidelines for breeders who wish to maintain the quality of their breed and to improve it; to advance this breed to a state of similarity throughout the world; and to act as a guide for judges.
Breeders and judges have the responsibility to avoid any conditions or exaggerations that are detrimental to the health, welfare, essence and soundness of this breed, and must take the responsibility to see that these are not perpetuated.
Any departure from the following should be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
Absolute soundness and proper muscle tone is a must. Head properties should remain free of exaggeration so as to not compromise breathing and/or obstruct normal vision.
Today’s Olde English Bulldogge matches the looks of the bull baiting dog of the early 1800’s. They are, first and foremost, excellent companions, while also possessing the drive, temperament and agility to perform in numerous working venues as well as being service dogs. The revival of a healthy dog with the longevity to live well into its teens is a primary goal.
The Olde English Bulldogge was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 2014.
The Olde English Bulldogge is a muscular, medium sized dog of great strength, and possessed of fluid, agile movement. He is well balanced and proportioned, while appearing capable of performing without any breathing restrictions in either heat or in cold.
Disqualifications: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
The disposition of the Olde English Bulldogge is confident, friendly and alert. An OEB should be an animated and expressive dog, both in and out of the show ring.
Serious Faults: Excessive wrinkle, lack of pigment around eyes, nose or mouth.
SKULL – The skull is large and well-proportioned to the dog’s muscular body and prominent shoulders. There is a defined furrow from the stop to the occiput.
Serious Faults: Narrow skull; domed forehead.
MUZZLE – The muzzle appears square, wide and deep, with definite layback. Distance from the tip of the nose to the stop does not exceed one-third of the distance from the tip of the nose to the occiput. Flews are semi-pendulous.
TEETH – Bite is undershot or reverse scissors. Lower jawbone is moderately curved from front to back. Broken, chipped or extracted teeth are not to be faulted. Exposed canine teeth are to be faulted.
Disqualifications: Wry jaw; overbite.
NOSE – Nostrils are wide, with a line running vertically between nostrils from the tip of nose down to the bottom of the upper lip. Nose is large and broad in relationship to the width of the muzzle. Nose color is black.
EYES – Eyes are medium in size and almond shaped. They are set wide and low, level with the top of the muzzle. Color is dark to light brown, with black pigmented eye rims.
Disqualifications: Any eye color other than brown; wall eyes; crossed eyes.
EARS – Ears are rose, button or tulip. Rose is preferred. They are set high, wide and to the back outer edge of the skull. The ears are small in size.
The neck is medium length, wide, and slightly arched. It is slightly smaller than the head at their junction, and widens to point of the shoulders. Loose from jaw to chest, forming a double dewlap.
Shoulders are broad, heavily muscled and have a separation between the shoulder blades. Moderate angulation of the shoulder blade, which should also be roughly equal in length to the upper foreleg.
ELBOWS – Elbows should be neither in nor out.
FORELEGS – Forelegs are of medium bone, set straight, with strong pasterns.
Sturdy, powerful and slightly rectangular when viewed from the side. Chest is wide and deep, with a muscular brisket, and ribs well-sprung. There should be a distinct tuck between ribs and hindquarters. There is a dip behind the whithers; topline rises over the loin with the appearance of a slight roach.
Faults: Narrow rib cage.
The characteristic tail is often referred to as a crank or pump handle tail. Straight tails are also acceptable. The tail is set on as a natural extension of the topline, and tapers to a point. When the dog is relaxed, the tail is carried low and extends approximately to the hock. When the dog is moving, the tail is carried level with the backline. When the dog is excited, the tail may be carried in a raised, upright position (challenge tail), but never curled over the back (gay tail).
At a trot, the gait is smooth, powerful, energetic and confident. A slight roll to the gait should not be faulted. Footfalls approach the centerline as trotting speed increases.
When viewed from the front or rear, the legs turn neither in nor out, nor do feet cross or interfere with each other. From the side, the front legs should reach out smoothly with no obvious pounding.
HEIGHT AND WEIGHT
(A dog with a Disqualification must not be considered for placement in a conformation event, and must be reported to UKC.)
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